Wednesday, November 17, 2010

Doing good business as

Attract and/or improve relationships
Attract, nurture, and maintain strong, loving, rich, and satisfying relationships. Discover the secrets of solving people problems and healing interpersonal wounds.
Resolve personal and professional conflicts with others. Improve the quality of all relationships. Interact with others in healthy and positive ways. Attract loving, supportive individuals. Enjoy the rapturous love life of your dreams.
Human beings are meant to relate to each other.
Work ethic is a set of values based on hard work and diligence.
It is also a belief in the moral benefit of work and its ability
to enhance character. An example would be the Protestant work ethic.
A work ethic may include being reliable, having initiative, or
maintaining social skills.
Workers exhibiting a good work ethic in theory (and ideally
in practice) should be selected for better positions, more
responsibility and ultimately promotion. Workers who fail to
exhibit a good work ethic may be regarded as failing to provide
fair value for the wage the employer is paying them and should
not be promoted or placed in positions of greater responsibility.
List of accounting topics
Big business
Business acumen
Business broker
Business ethics
List of business ethics, political economy, and philosophy of business topics
Social responsibility
Business hours
Business mediator
Business schools
Business trip
Change management analyst
List of business law topics
Corporate law
Cost overrun
Economic democracy
Financial economics
List of economics topics
Electronic commerce
List of finance topics
Government ownership
Human Resources
List of human resource management topics
Intellectual property
Interim Management
International trade
List of international trade topics
Limited liability
List of oldest companies
List of management topics
Management information systems
List of information technology management topics
List of production topics
List of marketing topics
Organizational studies
Real Estate
List of real estate topics
Renewable Energy
Revenue shortfall
Small business
Sole proprietorship
Strategic Management
Strategic Planning
Company · Business
Company forms
Sole proprietorship
(General · Limited · LLP)
United States
S corporation · C corporation
LLC · LLLP · Series LLC
Delaware corporation
Nevada corporation
Massachusetts business trust
UK / Ireland / Commonwealth
Limited company
(by shares · by guarantee
Public · Proprietary)
Unlimited company
Community interest company
European Union / EEA
AB · AG · ANS · A/S · AS · GmbH
K.K. · N.V. · Oy · S.A. · more
Corporate governance
Limited liability · Ultra vires
Business judgment rule
Internal affairs doctrine
De facto corporation and
corporation by estoppel
Piercing the corporate veil
Rochdale Principles
Related areas
Contract · Civil procedure
v • d • e
A business (also known as company, enterprise, or firm)
is a legally recognized organization designed to provide
goods, services, or both to consumers or tertiary business
in exchange for money.[1] Businesses are predominant in
capitalist economies, in which most businesses are privately
owned and typically formed to earn profit that will increase
the wealth of its owners. The owners and operators of private,
for-profit businesses have as one of their main objectives the
receipt or generation of a financial return in exchange for
work and acceptance of risk. Businesses can also be formed
not-for-profit or be state-owned.
The etymology of "business" relates to the state of being
busy either as an individual or society as a whole, doing
commercially viable and profitable work. The term "business" has at
least three usages, depending on the scope — the singular usage
(above) to mean a particular company or corporation, the generalized
usage to refer to a particular market sector, such as "the music business"
and compound forms such as agribusiness, or the broadest meaning to
include all activity by the community of suppliers of goods and services.
However, the exact definition of business, like much else in the
philosophy of business, is a matter of debate and complexity of meanings.
1 Basic forms of ownership
2 Classifications
3 Management
3.1 Reforming State Enterprises
4 Organization and government regulation
4.1 Commercial law
4.2 Capital
4.3 Intellectual property
4.4 Exit plans
5 See also
6 Notes and references
7 External links
Basic forms of ownership
See also: Types of business entity
Although forms of business ownership vary by jurisdiction, there are several common forms:
Sole proprietorship: A sole proprietorship is a business owned by one person.
The owner may operate on his or her own or may employ others. The owner of the
business has unlimited liability of the debts incurred by the business.
Partnership: A form of business owned by two or more people. In most forms of
each partner has unlimited liability of the debts incurred by the business.
There are three typical classifications of partnerships: general partnerships,
limited partnerships, and limited liability
Basic forms of ownership
See also: Types of business entity
Although forms of business ownership vary by jurisdiction, there are several common forms:
Sole proprietorship: A sole proprietorship is a business owned by one person.
The owner may operate on his or her own or may employ others. The owner of the business
has unlimited liability of the debts incurred by the business.
Partnership: A form of business owned by two or more people. In most forms of partnerships,
each partner has unlimited liability of the debts incurred by the business.
here are three typical classifications of partnerships: general partnerships,
limited partnerships, and limited liability partnerships.
Corporation: A limited liability entity that has a separate legal personality from its
members. Corporations can be either privately-owned or government-owned, and can be
organized as either for-profit or not-for-profit. A privately-owned corporation is
owned by private individuals while a public corporation is owned by multiple shareholders
and is overseen by a board of directors, which hires the business's managerial staff.
Cooperative: Often referred to as a "co-op", a cooperative is a limited liability entity
that can organize for-profit or not-for-profit. A for-profit cooperative differs from a
for-profit corporation in that it has members, as opposed to shareholders, who share
decision-making authority. Cooperatives are typically classified as either consumer
cooperatives or worker cooperatives. Cooperatives are fundamental to the ideology of
economic democracy.
Classifications Casual/Contingent
• Full-time • Part-time • Self-employed/Independent contractor • Temporary • Wage labour
Hiring Employment counsellor
• Application • Background Check • Cover letter • Drug testing • Contract • Interview • Job hunting • Job fraud • Probation • Referral • Recruiter (Employment agency • Executive search) • Résumé/Curriculum Vitæ (CV) • Work-at-home scheme
Roles Internship
• Job • Numerary • Permanent • Permatemp • Supernumerary • Supervisor • Volunteer
Attendance Break
• Career break • Furlough • Gap year • Leave of absence • Long service leave • No call, no show • Sabbatical • Sick leave
Schedules 35-hour workweek
• Eight-hour day • Flextime plan • Four-day week • Overtime • Retroactive overtime • Shift work • Telecommuting • Workweek • Working time
Wages Living wage • Maximum wage • Minimum wage (Canada, USA, Hong Kong) • Overtime rate • Paid time off • Performance-related pay • Salary • Salary cap • Working poor
Benefits Annual leave • Sick leave • Parental leave • Health insurance • Life insurance • Disability insurance • Take-home vehicle
Health & safety Epilepsy and employment • Ergonomics • Industrial injury • Occupational disease • Occupational exposure limit • Occupational health psychology • Sick building syndrome • Work accident (Occupational fatality) • Workplace noise • Workplace stress • Workplace wellness • Work-life balance • Workers' compensation
Equality Affirmative action • Equal pay for women
Infractions Employee handbook • Evaluation • Labour law • Sexual harassment • Sleeping while on duty • Workplace bullying • Workplace surveillance
Willingness Anti-work • Job satisfaction • Refusal of work • Workaholic • Work aversion • Work ethic • Wage slavery
Termination At-will employment • Constructive dismissal • Dismissal • Layoff • Letter of resignation • Resignation • Retirement • Severance package • Types of unemployment • Unemployment • Unemployment benefits • Wrongful dismissal
Miscellaneous Dead end job • Overqualification • Recession-proof job • Underemployment • Unemployment rates
Politics , is a process by which groups of people make collective decisions. The term is generally applied to behavior within civil governments, but politics has been observed in other group interactions, including corporate, academic, and religious institutions. It consists of "social relations involving authority or power" and refers to the regulation of a political unit, and to the methods and tactics used to formulate and apply policy.
The origin and development of government institutions is the most visible subject for the study of Politics and its history.
Basic forms of political systems
The following are examples of political systems, some of which are typically mutually exclusive Monarchy and Republic), while others may (or may not) overlap in various combinations
( Democracy and Westminster system, Democracy and Socialism).
Anarchism (Rule by all/no one)
Democracy (Rule by majority)
Monarchy. (Rule by monarch) Monarchies are one of the oldest political systems known, developing from tribal structure with one person the absolute ruler.
Meritocracy (Rule by best)
Technocracy (Rule by scientist/intellectuals)
Republic. (rule by law) The first recorded republic was in India in the 6th century BC.
Sultanates. (Rule by Allah) an Islamic political structure combining aspects of Monarchy and Theocracy.
Islamic Democracy. (Rule by majority in Islamic context) an Islamic and democratic political structure, which combines aspects of Theocracy (as the framework) and Democracy (as the decision making method under Islam's ethical system). Iran's constitution is based on such a system.
Theocracy (Rule by alleged representative of God)
Westminster system (rule by republic and representative democracy through parliament)
Feudalism (Rule by lord/king)
An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy operates since the 17th century. ] Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.
The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens. Elections were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortition, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot.
Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place, or improving the fairness or effectiveness of existing systems. Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections (especially with a view to predicting future results).
To elect means "to choose or make a decision"(For example, in contract law, if one party breaches the agreement, the other party may "elect" whether to continue or repudiate the contract), and so sometimes other forms of ballot such as the referendum are referred to as elections, especially in the United States.
A constitution is a set of laws that a set of people have made and agreed upon for government—often as a written document—that enumerates and limits the powers and functions of a political entity. These rules together make up, i.e. constitute, what the entity is. In the case of countries and autonomous regions of federal countries the term refers specifically to a constitution defining the fundamental political principles, and establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of a government. By limiting the government's own reach, most constitutions guarantee certain rights to the people. The term constitution can be applied to any overall system of law that defines the functioning of a government, including several uncodified historical constitutions that existed before the development of modern codified constitutions.
Constitutions concern different levels of political organization. They exist at national ( codified Indian Constitution, uncodified Constitution of the United Kingdom), regional (the Massachusetts Constitution), and sometimes lower levels. They also define many political and other groups, such as political parties, pressure groups, and trade unions. A supranational constitution is possible (proposed European Union constitution) but not always probable, depending on the structure of government to be laid out. The traditional absolute sovereignty of modern nations assumed in a constitution is often limited by binding international treaties such as the American Convention on Human Rights which binds the 24 American countries that have ratified it, and the European Convention on Human Rights which binds the 47 member countries of the Council of Europe.
Non-political entities such as corporations and voluntary associations, whether incorporated or not, often have what is effectively a constitution, often called memorandum and articles of association (U.S. incorporation).
The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 395 articles, 12 schedules and 94 amendments, with 117,369 words in its English language version, while the United States Constitution is the shortest written constitution.
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